Death is the cessation of all biological functions that sustain a particular living organism.
Phenomena which commonly bring about death include biological aging (senescence), predation, malnutrition, disease, suicide, murder and accidents or trauma resulting in terminal injury.
Bodies of living organisms begin to decompose shortly after death.
There is no scientific evidence that consciousness survives the death of an organism
In human societies, the nature of death and humanity's awareness of their own mortality has for millennia been a concern of the world's religious traditions and of philosophical inquiry.
This includes belief in resurrection (associated with Abrahamic religions), reincarnation or rebirth (associated with Dharmic religions), or that consciousness permanently ceases to exist, known as oblivion.
Commemoration ceremonies after death may include various mourning or funeral practices.
The physical remains of a person, commonly known as a corpse or body, are usually interred whole or cremated, though among the world's cultures there are a variety of other methods of mortuary disposal.
In the English language, blessings directed towards a dead person include rest in peace, or its initialism RIP.
The most common cause of human deaths in the world is heart disease, followed by stroke and other cerebrovascular diseases, and in the third place lower respiratory infections.