Drukpa Lineage Explained
Also important in the lineage were the root guru of Tsangpa Gyare, Ling Repa and his guru, Phagmo Drupa Dorje Gyalpo, who was in turn a principle disciple of Gampopa as well as Dampa Sumpa, one of Rechung Dorje Drakpa's main disciples.
The followers of Gyalwa Lorepa came to be called the 'Lower Drukpas'. The followers of Gyalwa Gotsangpa came to be called the 'Upper Drukpas'. And the followers of Onre Darma Sengye came to be called the 'Middle Drukpas'.
His rival, Shabdrung Ngawang Namgyal, was then invited to Western Bhutan and eventually he unified the entire country and established Drukpa as the preeminent Buddhist school from Haa all the way to Trongsa.
The Drukpa Lineage was divided from that time on into the Northern Drukpa (Dzongkha: བྱང་འབྲུག་,) branch in Tibet headed by the Gyalwang Drukpa and the Southern Drukpa (Dzongkha: ལྷོ་འབྲུག་,) based in Bhutan and headed by the Shabdrung incarnations.
Ever since Shabdrung Ngawang Namgyal appointed Pekar Jungne as the 1st Je Khenpo, the spiritual head of all monasteries in Bhutan, successive Je Khenpos have acted to date as spiritual regents of Bhutan.
Spread of Drukpa Lineage in Ladakh area
Once Tagtshang Repa Ngawang Gyatso (1573 - 1651), a disciple of the 5th Gyalwang Drukpa Paksam Wangpo (1593 - 1641) and Drukpa Yongzin Ngawang Sangpo, was meditating at Ugyen dzong, a retreat cave near Kargil of Guru Padma Sambhava and Naropa, after his pilgrimage to the Swat Valley (now in Pakistan), when he received an invitation from King Jamyang Namgyal of Ladakh.
When Sengye Namgyal ascended the royal throne of Ladakh, he petitioned Drukpa Paksam Wangpo to send Tagtshang Repa to Ladakh to give spiritual guidance to the royal court and propagate the teachings of the Drukpa lineage in Ladakh.
The Drukpa Lineage has more than a thousand monasteries in Tibet, Bhutan, Ladakh and other parts of Himalayas and the legacy of guiding countless beings on the path of Dharma and ultimate enlightenment for more than 800 years.
Unlike previously where the lineage was divided geographically into Northern, Middle and Southern Drukpa, the Drukpa Lineage masters today often cross these traditional borders and communicate to strengthen the lineage and the teachings.
This was the first time an annual event for the Drukpa Lineage involving all the three major branches will be held, as a concerted effort to reunite the strengths of the Drukpa Lineage and to mend the historical connections of different monasteries and organizations.
This event, boasted of the first firework in the Himalayas, the first 800 sky lanterns being lit in the Himalayas and the first 12,000 bio-degradable balloons sent to the sky, was covered by international media  
In 2010, the Gyalwang Drukpa launched an initiative to plant one million trees in Ladakh, as part of the ‘one million trees’ campaign initiated by Wangari Maathaï, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize in 2004.
In October 2012, they broke again the Guinness World Records for the same category, with over 9,800 volunteers planted nearly 100,000 trees, safeguarding villages from mudslides and cleaning polluted air.
In March 2008, the 12th Gyalwang Drukpa, declared his preference that:
but that doesn't mean that those doing better could self-appoint themselves as the heads of other weaker brothers' households and take over their assets, wives and children, in the name of 'helping' and in the name of 'supporting'," and for that reason it is better that dKar-brgyud not be used any longer.
On 14 May 2014, Department of Posts-Government of India celebrated Buddha Purnima with the release of a commemorative stamp on the Drukpa Buddhists, a rare and perhaps first recognition given by the Indian government to a particular Buddhist lineage.
On 10 September 2014, the Gyalwang Drukpa issued an official statement  that the Drukpa monasteries in Mount Kailash have been forcibly taken over by the Karma Kagyu order with Drukpa monks and yogis being forced out of their monasteries, and photographs of Drukpa masters have been replaced with photographs of Karmapa Ogyen Trinley Dorje.
Tirthapuri and Drira Phug are the two most prominent heritages having been forcibly taken over.
Till now, only Chungyalpa from office of Karmapa Ogyen Trinley Dorje has replied, saying "in the late 70s, a high lama of their sect had visited the Kailash region and witnessed how four Drukpa monasteries had been desecrated.
'He had then urged that these be restored because they are very sacred.'".
While the Gyalwang Drukpa has only mentioned two Drukpa monasteries in Kailash that have been forcibly converted to Karma Kagyu by influential masters and followers of the sect, office of Karmapa Ogyen Trinley Dorje has declared four monasteries in this region have been affected.
Some nineteenth and early-twentieth century writers believed the "Dugpas" to be sorcerers focusing principally on the left-hand path traditions and various Tantric practices of Buddhism. Alexandra David-Néel claims that the name "Dugpa" comes from the Tibetan word for thunder, as the first monastery was built during a thunderstorm.
Ralung Monastery in Central Tibet just north of Bhutan
Druk Sangag Choeling Monastery
Punakha Dzong, the winter home of the Dratshang Lhentshog
Tashichho Dzong, Thimphu, which houses the Dratshang Lhentshog in summer
Kardang Monastery, the main monastery in Lahaul
Notes and References
Book: Ray, Reginald A. Reginald Ray
. Reginald Ray. Secret of the Vajra World: The Tantric Buddhism of Tibet. Shambhala Publications. 2002. 53. 1-57062-917-X.
The Wand that opens the Eyes and Dispels the Darkness of Mind. Compiled by Tashi Namgyal, translated in 2004. pg. 3
Book: Blavatasky, H.P;. 1 Mar 2003. The Theosophical Glossary. Kessinger Publishing Co. 0766147118.
http://books.google.com/books?id=C1fEdx_oGt4C&lpg=PR1&ots=1Oukc51Mif&dq=initiations%20and%20initiates%20in%20tibet&pg=PA34#v=onepage&q=dugpa&f=false Initiations And Initiates In Tibet, p. 34
Book: Dargye, Yonten. History of the Drukpa Kagyud School in Bhutan (12th to 17th Century A.D.). 2001. Thimphu, Bhutan. 99936-616-0-0.
The Biographies of Rechungpa: The Evolution of a Tibetan hagiography. Roberts, Peter Alan. Routledge, 2007. ISBN 0-415-76995-7, pg. 53
The History of Tibet. ed. Alex Mckay. London: Routledge Curzon, 2003: 191 - 192.
The Drukpa Lineage goes around the world. Kuensel Newspapers, 1 August 2008http://www.kuenselonline.com/modules.php?name=News&file=article&sid=10901
http://www.drukpacouncil.org Welcome to Annual Drukpa Council (ADC) Website
http://www.drukpa-nuns.org Druk Gawa Khilwa Abbey
"Pilgrims flock to India for Buddhist ‘dragon’ celebration" AFPhttp://www.dailynews.lk/2007/07/25/fea11.asp
More news, photographs and media articles on the 800th anniversary celebration in Ladakhhttp://ladakh.drukpa.com
http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/home/environment/flora-fauna/New-world-record-for-planting-trees-in-Leh/articleshow/17040038.cms New world record for planting trees in Leh
http://www.drukpa.org The Gyalwang Drukpa
http://www.drukpa.org/news/2008/080304_monks_sheep.html News - Monks and Baby Sheep
http://www.voatibetanenglish.com/content/article/1915073.html Indian Government Releases Postage Stamp on Drukpa Lineage
http://www.drukpa.org/index.php/en/news-updates/news-in-2014/359-on-forced-conversion-of-drukpa-monasteries The Gyalwang Drukpa's Official Statement On Forced Conversion of Drukpa Monasteries
http://www.newindianexpress.com/nation/Tibetan-Buddhist-Sect-Seeks-Indian-Intervention/2014/09/18/article2436748.ece Tibetan Buddhist Sect Seeks Indian Intervention
http://www.hindustantimes.com/india-news/eye-on-border-china-fanning-intra-sect-rivalry-ladakh-s-buddhist-leader/article1-1268317.aspx Eye on border, China fanning intra-sect rivalry: Ladakh's Buddhist leader
https://www.facebook.com/notes/gyalwang-drukpa/forced-conversion-witness-statement-1/830788486960778 Witness Statement by Helga Hirschberg
https://www.facebook.com/notes/gyalwang-drukpa/forced-conversion-witness-statement-2/842384819134478 Witness Statement by Dr. Johann Cronjaeger, Germany