Rumtek (Tibetan: རུམ་ཐེག་དགོན་པ་,, Wylie: Rum-theg Dgon-pa), also called the Dharmachakra Centre, is a Tibetan Buddhist Monastery located in the Indian state of Sikkim near the capital Gangtok. It is a focal point for the sectarian tensions that characterize the Karmapa controversy.
Originally built by the 9th Karmapa Wangchuk Dorje in 16th century, at the same Time as Phodong Monastery and Ralang Monastery, Rumtek served as the main seat of the Karma Kagyu Lineage in Sikkim for some Time.
After four years, construction of the Monastery was completed.
The sacred items and Relics brought out from Tsurphu Monastery, the Karmapa's seat In Tibet, were installed. On Tibetan New Year's Day (Losar) in 1966 the 16th Karmapa officially inaugurated the new seat called, "The Dharmachakra Centre, a place of erudition and Spiritual Accomplishment, the seat of the glorious Karmapa."
Rumtek was at the centre of the Karmapa controversy with a lengthy battle being played out in the Indian courts. Two rival organisations, both supporting different candidates for the 17th Karmapa claimed stewardship of the Monastery and its contents. The two organisations are the Karmapa Charitable Trust (supporting Trinley Thaye Dorje) and the Tsurphu Labrang (supporting Ogyen Trinley Dorje).
Neither candidate resides at Rumtek since Monks supporting Trinley Thaye Dorje were thrown out of Rumtek by Ogyen Trinley Dorje's followers. Since 1992, the Monastery has been the site of pitched battles between Monks supporting one candidate or the other. The Shamarpa, who supports Trinley Thaye Dorje, even claims that a sniper tried to assassinate him there. Armed Indian soldiers still patrol the Monastery to prevent further sectarian violence.