Nyaya - Buddhist Debate
The Nyaya-Buddhist Debate began in the 1st Century A.D. with Nagarjuna who refuted the views of Gautama, the author of Nyaya Sutras, in his Mulamadhyamika Karika and Vigrahavyavartani. Vatsyayana in his Bhashya on Nyaya Sutras defended the latter work.
On the Buddhist side the challenge was taken up by Santarakshita and Kamasila, the former in his Tattvasangraha and the latter in his commentary on TS called Panjika criticized the views of both Kumarila and Naiyayikas.
In their turn Vacaspati Mishra in his commentary on Nyaya Vartika called the Tatparya Tika, Bhasarvajna in his Nyayabhushana and Jayanta in his Nyayamanjari criticized the views of Buddhists specially Santarakshita and Kamalasila.
The debate finally ended with the great Nyaya Acharya writing his famous polemical work, which is in this respect unparalleled in philosophical traditions of both east and west, which ended the dominance of Buddhists in philosophy in India after more than a thousand years, this work was known as Atmatattvaviveka.
In the third the Madhyamika school is criticized.
The above work is thus also known by the title Bauddha Dhikkara.
Udayana has written three more important works:
Tatparya Parishuddhi on Vacaspati Mishra's Tatparya Tika, Kiranavali which synthesizes the Nyaya and Vaisesika school, Nyayakusumanjali which defends the Nyaya doctrine, attacks the Purva Mimamsa school and seeks to establish the existence of God on a rational basis, providing in all 9 proofs.The Nyaya - Buddhist debate is one of the greatest philosophical events of the world and led to the development of both the schools with improved polemical exchanges.