1. Devadaha. A township (nigama) of the Sākiyans. The Buddha stayed there during his tours and preached to the monks on various topics (S.iii.5f; iv.124f; M.ii.214). According to the Commentaries (J.i.52; BuA.226; MA.ii.924, 1021, etc; ThigA.182) it was the city of the birth of the Buddha's mother and of Pajāpatī Gotamī and of their companions, who married the Sākiyans of Kapilavatthu.
The Lumbinīvana, where the Buddha was born, was near Devadaha. The name was originally that of a lake, so called either because kings held their sports in it (devā vuccanti rājāno tesam mangaladaho), or because it came into existence without human intervention, hence divine (sayañjāto vā so daho, tasmā pi Devadaho). The name was later transferred to the village near by. SA.ii.186; also MA.ii.810. Acc. to the Dulva (Rockhill, p.12), the city was founded by Sākiyans from Kapilavatthu, when they grew very numerous. The spot was pointed out by a deva, hence its name.
1. Devadaha Sutta. Preached to the monks at Lumbinīvana (MA.ii.810), in Devadaha. It deals with the teaching of the Niganthas, that whatsoever the individual experience, it comes from former actions. The sutta also gives ten beliefs of the Niganthas, which, the Buddha says, are to be condemned. In contrast to these, ten statements are made respecting the Tathāgata, which are intrinsically true. M.ii.214ff.
2. Devadaha Sutta. Preached to the monks at Devadaha. Some monks, going to reside in the western districts, come to the Buddha to take leave of him. He advises them, before starting, to visit Sāriputta, whom he extols. This they do, and Sāriputta explains to them the fundamental teachings of the Buddha, in order that they may be ready to answer any questions which may be put to them. S. iii.6ff.